Estudo de Baixo Carbono para o Brasil : uso da terra, mudancas do uso da terra e florestas : Estudo de Baixo Carbono para o Brasil : uso da terra, mudanças do uso da terra e florestas (البرتغالية)
This study points out that Brazil's commitment to combat climate change had already been started when the country hosted in June 1992 the Conference of the United Conference on Environment and Development, also known as Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro.... انظر المزيد +
This study points out that Brazil's commitment to combat climate change had already been started when the country hosted in June 1992 the Conference of the United Conference on Environment and Development, also known as Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro. Being the world's largest tropical country, Brazil appears to be unique as the profile of emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs). However, Brazil used to be one of the biggest emitters of greenhouse gases through deforestation and probably would remain so, were it not for recent government approval of a series of measures to protect the forest. At the same time, it is likely that Brazil will suffer from significant adverse effects of climate change. Like many other countries, Brazil faces a double challenge, having to stimulate economic and social development and reduce GHG emissions. For this purpose, the World Bank study has adopted an approach of programmatic objectives that were aligned with the long-term Government of Brazil, in the following ways: (i) forecasting the future GHG emissions in Brazil, to establish a reference scenario; (ii) identifying and quantifying options that employ fewer carbon, to mitigate emissions as well as potential options to remove carbon, (iii) assessing the cost of these options with low carbon usage, identifying barriers to adoption and exploring measures. The urgent need to combat global climate change has been firmly established. An abundance of scientific evidence, including the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC 2007) and a recent review on the economics of climate change, led by Nicholas Stern (Stern 2007), emphasize the severe risks to human life, the middle environment and the global economy. It's hard to imagine an effective solution to stabilize GHG concentrations on the scale needed without Brazil playing a prominent role.
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