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Proposal for a permanent crisis response window in IDA (الإنجليزية)

As a group, low income countries tend to be both more frequently affected by severe crises and more vulnerable to their impact. Most often access to exceptional International Development Association (IDA) allocations has been triggered by natural disasters, such as hurricanes and earthquakes which typically affect one or very few countries. This kind of support follows well established procedures in IDA, whereby management uses the authority it is given under IDA replenishments to provide exceptional allocations in the aftermath of major natural disasters. While such support has been granted very sparingly in the past, it nonetheless has the effect of taxing other IDA countries, since the resources are not provided separately, but are rather subtracted from the pool of unused IDA resources within any given replenishment period. Based on the guidance received at the first IDA16 meeting in Paris, this paper lays out a detailed proposal for a permanent Crisis Response Window (CRW) within the IDA framework. The paper is organized as follows. Section two reviews the experience gained to date with implementing the pilot-CRW, and provides additional information regarding the IDA's role in crises response. Section three sets out the proposed design for the permanent CRW, including areas of coverage, eligibility criteria for access to resources under the permanent CRW, and criteria for determining the amounts to be allocated for each eligible crisis response. This section also includes proposed governance arrangements that would guide the use of CRW resources, including the role of IDA's Board of Executive Directors. Section four sets out how the CRW could be financed and section five sets out the issues for discussion. This paper builds on the paper discussed at the first IDA16 meeting in March and, unless necessary, it does not repeat information provided in the earlier paper.

تفاصيل

  • تاريخ الوثيقة

    2010/05/01

  • نوع الوثيقة

    تقرير مجلس المديرين التنفيذيين

  • رقم التقرير

    54955

  • مجلد رقم

    1

  • عدد المجلدات

    1

  • البلد

    العالم,

  • المنطقة

    مناطق العالم,

  • تاريخ الإفصاح

    2010/08/20

  • حالة الافصاح

    Disclosed

  • اسم الوثيقة

    Proposal for a permanent crisis response window in IDA

  • كلمة أساسية

    Damage and Loss Assessment;natural disaster;social and economic recovery;alternative sources of funding;primary school completion rate;Institutional Development and Capacity;maintenance of transport infrastructure;primary education completion rate;vulnerability to natural disasters;Oil and Gas Sector;economic crisis;global financial crisis;Disaster Risk Reduction;disaster risk management;global economic crisis;Exchange rate policies;Social Safety Nets;foreign direct investment;gdp growth rate;Development Policy Operation;exchange rate policy;emergency recovery credit;post disaster recovery;availability of resource;division of labor;level of support;allocation of resource;reallocation of resource;labor force participation;balance of payment;management of crises;public investment program;case of health;socially sustainable development;high oil price;disaster risk assessment;official development finance;operations and maintenance;direct budget support;education and health;Electricity Sector Policy;financial sector stability;public sector reform;Public Expenditure Management;total budget revenues;payment of teacher;international financial institution;share of resource;gross national income;early warning system;portfolio as collateral;private capital market;catastrophic natural disaster;natural disaster assistance;response to crisis;speed of delivery;impact of disaster;response to shock;standby credit;affected country;allocation process;exogenous shock;moral hazard;bank staff;exogenous factor;Donor Contribution;physical asset;comparative advantage;international community;economic shock;health emergency;disaster preparedness;crisis support;small states;vulnerable group;catastrophic event;fiscal revenue;external balance;emergency relief;governance arrangement;Social Protection;price shock;fiscal aggregate;fiscal data;Hazard Management;allocation rule;metric datum;disaster reconstruction;previous work;youth employment;fiscal impact;internal process;life expectancy;community participation;international response;transparent process;bank instrument;response effort;short-term crisis;national authority;infrastructure sector;academic institution;government revenue;donor financing;informed judgment;bridge financing;cut-off point;external demand;voting right;future need;commodity boom;trend growth;cultural factor;financing structure;mineral export;emergency preparedness;response operation;poverty headcount;budget process;supplemental financing;prevention activities;framework agreement;fiscal policy;crisis prevention;aggregate ceiling;allocation criterion;capitation grant;recovery activity;consensus building;impact analysis;population size;poverty reducing;project processing;allocation framework;grace period;determining eligibility;service charges;external shock;resource requirements;debt sustainability;feed cost;existing resources;financial inflow;disaster resilience;commodity price;infrastructure rehabilitation;regional growth;project pipeline;financing mechanism;annual meetings;financial solutions;weather derivative;multilateral institution;multiple trust;eligibility criterion;nonstructural measures;fiscal difficulties;quantitative indicators;capacity enhancement;human history;water infrastructure;operational portfolio;crisis situation;annex annex;approval process;net oil;financing instrument;humanitarian assistance;allocation system;Economic Management;irrigation program;Health Service;country portfolio;response time;allocation methodology;scarce resource;prevention measures;recovery effort;adequate mitigation;humanitarian relief;institution building;Platform Services;expenditure composition;infrastructure spending;Bank Policies;investment climate;rural area;road maintenance;human settlement;grant funding;hazard risk;Disaster Management;inter governmental organization;Country Systems;transaction cost;financing arrangement;project finance;world economic;response mechanism;Basic Education;reporting requirement;early assessment;global effort

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نسخة رسمية من الوثيقة (قد تضم توقيعات، الخ)