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Lessons from Poland, insights for Poland : a sustainable and inclusive transition to high income status (الإنجليزية)

This report discusses Poland’s experience along five dimensions. These five dimensions - a pentagon of policies and institutions are governing, sustaining, connecting, growing, and including. The main lessons from Poland and the key insights for its future, based on this pentagon, are presented in the lessons and insights summarized in this report. Poland’s experience underlines the importance of a shared vision to sustain continuing reforms. Poland’s rapid economic ascent created new challenges: the creative destruction on which the growth process was based, successfully, caused massive social change. The report addresses two sets of questions. First, what are the lessons from Poland’s remarkable transition to high income?; what policies were behind Poland’s economic achievements?; why was Poland able to achieve high-income per capita so fast, while many other countries remained in the upper-middle-income range for decades - trapped middle-income countries (MICs)?; what policies were similar to those pursued by other new high income countries (HICs) and what were specific to Poland?, and second, what are the insights for Poland going forward? Given international experience and Poland’s characteristics, what policies can it adopt to continue its ascent and reach the much higher incomes of countries that have been high income for a considerable period - the established HICs?


  • المؤلف

    Aldaz-Carroll,Enrique, Varela,Gonzalo J., Myck,Michal, Inchauste Comboni,Maria Gabriela, Van Den Brink,Rogier J. E., Skrok,Emilia, Thomas,Theo David, Schiffbauer,Marc Tobias

  • تاريخ الوثيقة


  • نوع الوثيقة

    ورقة عمل

  • رقم التقرير


  • مجلد رقم


  • عدد المجلدات


  • البلد


  • المنطقة

    أوروبا وآسيا الوسطى,

  • تاريخ الإفصاح


  • حالة الافصاح


  • اسم الوثيقة

    Lessons from Poland, insights for Poland : a sustainable and inclusive transition to high income status

  • كلمة أساسية

    protection of intellectual property right;real exchange rate misalignment;real exchange rate change;per capita income level;real effective exchange rate;accountability of government operation;female labor force participation;total factor productivity growth;research and development expenditure;higher level of education;responsibility for service delivery;access to quality education;information and communication technology;global value chain;policy and institution;reallocation of resource;Rule of Law;foreign direct investment;public service delivery;labor productivity growth;exchange rate targeting;public management system;global financial crisis;household disposable income;share of capital;Labor Market Flexibility;political institution;progressive tax system;equality of access;regional income disparity;policy reform agenda;Exchange rate policies;inflation targeting regime;share of labor;exchange rate policy;human capital investment;equality of opportunity;investment in research;growth and development;large public enterprise;social assistance program;fundamental tax reform;loss in confidence;role of migration;world war ii;trade and investment;length of motorway;continuity of policy;exchange of information;perception of corruption;share of revenue;subnational government expenditure;public sector deficit;purchasing power parity;cyclical fiscal policy;financial sector development;benefits of trade;civil justice system;share of trade;public wage bill;quality of governance;quality of product;reform of institution;barrier to entry;central planning system;human resource base;Check and Balances;improved service delivery;return to education;level of governance;effects of migration;privileges and immunity;health care system;infant mortality rate;flexible exchange rate;disposable income inequality;social assistance spending;incidence of tax;private sector service;old-age dependency ratio;local government debt;monetary policy;economic institution;medical examination;market economy;soft infrastructure;Macroeconomic Policy;global market;fiscal space;regional variation;economic reform;good governance;export growth;comparative advantage;Fiscal policies;Product Diversification;banking system;regional growth;product quality;political consensus;social compact;labor shortage;fiscal framework;effective restructuring;transport efficiency;Public Services;foreign bank;minimum wage;national saving;original work;brain gain;regulatory barrier;banking sector;Higher Education;business opportunity;rapid liberalization;external shock;factor accumulation;technological transfer;capital good;external market;labor income;support worker;market force;job security;economic crisis;debt limit;monetary regime;reducing inflation;support structure;Innovation Policies;regulatory action;foreign exchange;mortgage risk;national reform;public program;Public Spending;citizen involvement;wage earner;university graduate;corruption indicator;administrative structure;government play;employment rate;capital expenditure;tax revenue;fiscal rule;wage level;standard deviation;intergovernmental transfer;older worker;macroeconomic environment;stable growth;high debt;innovation policy;sustainable fiscal;domestic reform;business environment;global context;financial situation;municipal government;regional disparity;central state;government sector;market reform;retirement age;tax collection;accession country;industrial capacity;firm dynamic;economic integration;production network;economic powerhouse;increased competition;peripheral area;regional market;automatic stabilizer;democratic institution;Macroeconomic Stability;long-term credibility;price stability;banking crisis;firm competitiveness;living condition;local contribution;fiscal balance;discretionary tax;expenditure system;discretionary action;local revenue;family benefit;foreign currency;welfare state;fiscal management;pension benefit;government tax;privatization program;political independence;accountable governance;job transitions

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