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Zambia's infrastructure : a continental perspective (الإنجليزية)

Infrastructure improvements contributed 0.6 percentage points to Zambia's annual per capital GDP growth over the past decade, mostly because of exponential growth in information and communication services. The power sector, by contrast, pulled the growth rate down by more than 0.1 percentage points. Improving Zambia's infrastructure endowment could boost growth by up to 2 percentage points per year. Zambia's relatively high generation capacity and power consumption are accompanied by fewer power outages than elsewhere in the region. But Zambia's power sector emphasizes the mining industry, while household electrification is about half that in other resource-rich countries. Zambia's power tariffs, among the lowest in Africa, are less than half the level needed to accelerate electrification and keep pace with mining sector demands. In power as in just about every other aspect of infrastructure, rural Zambians lag well behind their African peers. In a country where 70 percent of the population depends on agriculture for its livelihood, this represents a huge drag on the economy. Zambia would need to spend an average of $1.6 billion a year over the decade 2006-15 to develop the infrastructure found in the rest of the developing world. This is equivalent to 20 percent of Zambia's GDP and about double the country's rate of investment in recent years. Closing the country's annual infrastructure funding gap of $500 million requires raising more funds, looking for more cost-effective ways to meet infrastructure targets, and eliminating the inefficiencies that cause the loss of $300 million annually.

تفاصيل

  • المؤلف

    Dominguez Torres,Carolina, Foster,Vivien

  • تاريخ الوثيقة

    2011/03/01

  • نوع الوثيقة

    ورقة عمل خاصة ببحوث السياسات

  • رقم التقرير

    WPS5599

  • مجلد رقم

    1

  • عدد المجلدات

    1

  • البلد

    زامبيا,

  • المنطقة

    أفريقيا,

  • تاريخ الإفصاح

    2011/03/01

  • حالة الافصاح

    Disclosed

  • اسم الوثيقة

    Zambia's infrastructure : a continental perspective

  • كلمة أساسية

    information and communication technology;water supply and sanitation;per capita growth rate;private participation in infrastructure;domestic air transport sector;average for sub-saharan africa;millennium development goal;Internal rate of return;access to safe water;cost of service provision;water and sanitation utility;cost of power production;rural access to electricity;domestic air transport market;impact on poverty reduction;abuse of monopoly power;power tariff;funding gap;resource-rich country;main road network;water utilities;water utility;power and water;hidden cost;submarine cable;infrastructure funding;operations and maintenance;rate of investment;trade facilitation agenda;water resource;paved road;monthly power bill;domestic water consumption;vehicles per day;trunk road network;population without access;international border crossing;investment in water;degradation of water;infrastructure and growth;technology and markets;ict and transport;allocating water right;kilometers per hour;delays at border;secondary road network;road transport sector;regional power market;area of infrastructure;geographic information system;mobile phone subscriber;distribution of water;allocation of resource;rural road network;rural road access;abundant hydro resource;national power utility;amount of power;surface water source;water storage capacity;capital budget execution;regional power trade;Transport and ICT;costs of power;renewable water resource;flow of good;open defecation;peer group;distribution loss;infrastructure spending;generation capacity;efficiency gain;infrastructure needs;piped water;road sector;Learning and Innovation Credit;power outage;capital expenditure;transit traffic;rural networks;rail network;rail operator;power utilities;international gateway;traditional latrine;utility bill;exponential growth;infrastructure sector;rail concession;operational efficiency;water sector;infrastructure constraints;agricultural land;irrigated area;residential tariff;cost-recovery price;septic tank;flush toilet;border post;access right;operational inefficiency;subsistence consumption;arable land;resource wealth;unpaved road;commercially viable;mining industry;daily traffic;financial statement;power consumption;infrastructure requirement;regulatory barrier;air transportation;resource-rich state;firm productivity;benchmarking approach;upper bind;household spending;energy resource;rural livelihood;electricity tariff;water service;urban roads;macroeconomic level;economic geography;Water Services;investment target;cross-country comparison;infrastructure asset;financial balance;target social;urbanized countries;international call;monopoly profit;macroeconomic issue;power service;international voice;power investment;ict indicator;monthly bill;privatization process;power consumer;labor productivity;private investment;international telecommunication;inequitable access;international communications;household budget;environmental resource;regressive subsidy;Environmental Resources;landlocked country;hydropower generation;efficiency gap;family budget;public budget;distribution network;unit tariff;utility revenue;large-scale mining;average cost;electricity production;national utility;operational performance;rural area;domestic consumption;administrative capacity;low power;price range;Urban Access;private airline;international travel;sanitation solutions;sanitation indicators;financial value;road accessibility;diverting trade;tariff regulation;reciprocal access;aggregate cost;rail system;poor traffic;undue delay;interconnection service;contractual relationship;air traffic;freight move;urban water;strategic location;transit country;transit speeds;rail sector;copper production;discriminatory pricing;traffic density;performance data;financial viability;concession arrangement;short-term fluctuation;high power;sector specialist;public expenditure;spatial analysis;infrastructure platform;capacity relative;infrastructure network;Natural Resources;road density

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