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Regionalism in services : a study of ASEAN (الإنجليزية)

Can regionalism do what multilateralism has so far failed to do—promote greater openness of services markets? Although previous research has pointed to the wider and deeper legal commitments under regional agreements as proof that it can, no previous study has assessed the impact of such agreements on applied policies. This paper focuses on the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), where regional integration of services markets has been linked to thriving regional supply chains. Drawing on surveys conducted in 2008 and 2012 of applied policies in the key services sectors of ASEAN countries, the paper assesses the impact of the ASEAN Framework Agreement on Services (AFAS) and the ambitious ASEAN Economic Community Blueprint, which envisaged integrated services markets by 2015. The analysis finds that over this period, ASEAN did not integrate faster internally than vis-à-vis the rest of the world: policies applied to trade with other ASEAN countries were virtually the same as those applied to trade with rest of the world. Moreover, the recent commitments scheduled under AFAS did not produce significant liberalization and, in a few instances, services trade policy actually became more restrictive. The two exceptions are in areas that are not on the multilateral negotiating agenda: steps have been taken toward creating regional open skies in air transport, and a few mutual recognition agreements have been negotiated in professional services. These findings suggest that regional negotiations add the most value when they are focused on areas that are not being addressed multilaterally.

تفاصيل

  • المؤلف

    Gootiiz,Batshur, Mattoo,Aaditya

  • تاريخ الوثيقة

    2015/11/17

  • نوع الوثيقة

    ورقة عمل خاصة ببحوث السياسات

  • رقم التقرير

    WPS7498

  • مجلد رقم

    1

  • عدد المجلدات

    1

  • البلد

    جنوب آسيا,

  • المنطقة

    جنوب آسيا,

  • تاريخ الإفصاح

    2015/11/17

  • حالة الافصاح

    Disclosed

  • اسم الوثيقة

    Regionalism in services : a study of ASEAN

  • كلمة أساسية

    principal place of business;International Trade in Services;Architecture and Engineering;presence of natural persons;foreign ownership;professional service;air service agreement;supply of service;minimum capital requirement;modes of supply;mutual recognition agreement;foreign equity participation;data collection process;condition of entry;regional trade agreement;restrictions on trade;absence of regulation;regional integration effort;asymmetric information problem;foreign service providers;legal advisory service;movement of service;foreign equity ownership;foreign credit institution;multilateral trade agreement;foreign equity limitation;development research group;restrictions on entry;recognition of qualification;air transport market;free trade area;local private sector;air transport services;direct foreign investment;restricted foreign ownership;road freight service;air transport liberalization;medical service;policy regime;foreign country;regulatory environment;legal form;management consulting;Trade Policies;Trade Policy;domestic law;legal advice;life insurance;restrictive policy;commercial presence;consumption abroad;Trade Restrictiveness;trade restriction;cross border;multilateral agreement;open skies;air passenger;fixed line;preferential policies;multilateral commitments;bilateral agreement;regulatory authority;mobile telecommunication;Higher Education;foreign law;open market;international gateway;cross-border trade;retail banking;market access;horizontal agreement;collected information;maritime shipping;regional liberalization;domestic regime;logistics service;legal commitment;air market;domestic carriage;telecommunications service;aviation market;license requirement;supply chain;secondary city;foreign supplier;transportation service;accession negotiation;auditing service;Labor Market;market competition;air travel;multiple sources;domestic population;simple average;airport slot;restrictive condition;industry group;international operation;insurance companies;state entity;medical practitioner;Retail Sector;framework agreement;restrictiveness index;foreign operators;open country;domestic regulatory;Labor Law;retail service;immigration law;foreign share;open access;legislative restrictions;telecom operator;international shopping;private company;home countries;liberalization commitments;multilateral context;telecommunications sector;local public;international service;companies act;telephone service;domestic air;regional dimension;market integration;regional policy;uruguay round;reinsurance sector;public safety;education service;Education Services;intra-asean trade;country survey;local company;global policy;supplementary material;measure of use;global context;primary focus;weighted average;quantitative restriction;educational service;educational institution;government approval;individual sectors;foreign ship;explicit regulation;Trade Impact;road transportation;adequate information;development perspective;telecommunications network;Population Density;retail distribution;cross-border delivery;essential facility;home country;foreign providers;disproportionate burden;foreign entry;transportation sector;local law;discretionary element;infrastructural constraint;tourism authority;market entry;business community;domestic regulation;foreign acquisition;trading partner;single market;air carrier;multilateral negotiating;capital infusion;local bank;market stability;policy risk;paid-up capital;open policy;foreign bank;management expertise;certification requirement;immigration rule;explicit license;regulatory measure;license regulations;trade advantages;work experience;architectural service;Learning and Innovation Credit;development policy;formal policy;specific regulation;liberal regimes;regional negotiations;traffic right;automobile insurance;survey results;differential treatment;reciprocal arrangement;

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